Rock Art Database


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Canmore ID 45379 SCRAP ID 3360
Location OS Grid Ref: NS 69268 93989 Team Not in team
Existing Classifications None.
Date Fieldwork Started 22/02/2019 Date Fieldwork Completed
New Panel? Yes  


A1. Identifiers

Panel Name LECKIE Number 1
Other names
HER/SMR SM Number Other Megalithic Portal/Northern Antiquarian - Leckie Broch 01
Classifications And Periods
Classification 1 Natural Feature Period 1 Period Unassigned
Classification 2 Broch Period 2 Iron Age

A2. Grid Reference(original find site)

New OS NGR NS 69268 93989
Lat/Long 56.12068 -4.1044
Obtained By: Mobile Phone

A3. Current Location & Provenance

  • At original location
  • Re-used in structure
Accession no. Not given

Section B. CONTEXT

B1. Landscape Context

Weather Sunny Intervals
Position in landscape Top of hill
Topography(terrain within about 500m of panel.) Sloping
Aspect of slope (if on sloping terrain e.g. S, SE etc.)

B2. Current land use & vegetation

  • Wood/Forest

B3. Forestry

  • Mature

B4. Archaeological Features within 200m / or visible from the panel

  • Other rock art
  • Dun
Other: Iron Age - classified as a broch or promontory fort

B5. Location Notes

Leckie Broch is about 1 km to the W of the village of Gargunnock on land privately owned by the Leckie Estate. It is in the wooded area along the Leckie Burn known as St. Colm's Glen. There is public access along the tarmac estate roads by foot or bike, though not motor vehicle access/parking is prohibited on the estate without permission. The glen is entered by a gate on the left just before the old sawmill and the bridge over the Leckie Burn (Note : a sign on the gate says that the footpath may be closed on occasion by the estate, presumably during pheasant shoots). The broch itself is on a promontory between the Leckie Burn and the Easter Blackspout Burn just to the S of their confluence. Both burns flow through deep wooded gullies either side of the promontory. The area between the burns is completely overgrown with rhododendrons: so much so that the broch remained undiscovered until the 1960s. It was subject to major excavations in the 70s under E.W. MacKie, but has since become reclaimed by the rhododendrons. Leckie 1 forms part of the dry-stone wall on the S side of the broch, to the left hand side of a small earth ramp leading from the broch, presumably for wheelbarrow access during the 1970s excavations.

Section C. PANEL

C1. Panel Type

In a structure Other context Part of the outer wall of Leckie Broch.

C2. Panel Dimensions, Slope & Orientation

Dimensions of panel (m to one decimal place)
Length (longer axis) 1.1 Width 0.4
Height (max) 0.4 Height (min) 0.4
Approximate slope of carved surface
90 degrees degrees
Orientation (Aspect e.g. NW)
Rock Surface Carved Surface S Carved Surface

C3. Rock Surface

Surface Compactness Hard Grain Size Fine Visible Anomalies No selection Rock Type Sandstone

C4. Surface Features

  • Natural Hollows
  • Bedding Planes
  • Smooth Surface

C5. Panel Notes

This is a roughly rectangular block of quarried sandstone occupying the second above-ground course of blocks on the outer wall of the broch. The markings are on the vertical S-facing surface. The 'cup mark' which has been reported is about 6cm in diameter x 2 cm deep. After close examination it was considered that this was probable natural. There are other indentations and depressions on the rock which are more obviously natural but mimic cup marks.

C6. Probability

The probability that there is any rock art on the panel is Possible


Very likely to be natural.


cupmark_1 cupmark_7
1 1

Visible Tool Marks? No

Visible Peck Marks? No


D1. Access

  • Right to Roam access.
  • Panel is on Private land.

D2. Awareness

  • Panel was known before the project.
  • This panel is known to others in the local community.
There are stories or folk traditions associated with this panel No

D3. Risk

  • Large areas of the rock are covered in lichen, moss or algae.
  • There are trees nearby whose roots might disturb the rock.
  • No selection
Comments and other potential threats

This is on the Leckie estate. there is no estate office and the estate is not easy to contact and so motor vehicles must not be taken beyond the estate entrance from the public road at The Bield Farm, unless specific permission has been given. The footpath access to St. Colm's Glen and the broch may be subject to unpublicised closure at certain times by the estate. The most immediate threat to this part of the broch is from the extensive and smothering overgrowth of rhododendrons, with associated root damage to the structure.