Rock Art Database


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Canmore ID 63717 SCRAP ID 882
Location OS Grid Ref: NX 51429 53253 Team Not in team
Existing Classifications
Classification Period
Date Fieldwork Started 22/02/2018 Date Fieldwork Completed
New Panel? No  


A1. Identifiers

Panel Name KIRKDALE HOUSE Number 4
Other names
SM Number SM1027 Other
Classifications And Periods
Classification 1 Cup And Ring Marked Stone Period 1 Neol/bronze Age

A2. Grid Reference(original find site)

OS NGR NX 53700 53100
New OS NGR NX 51429 53253
Lat/Long 54.85195 -4.31572
Obtained By: GPS

A3. Current Location & Provenance

  • Moved from original location
  • In private collection
  • Provenance unknown
Accession no. Not given

Section B. CONTEXT

B1. Landscape Context

Position in landscape
Topography(terrain within about 500m of panel.)
Aspect of slope (if on sloping terrain e.g. S, SE etc.)

B2. Current land use & vegetation

  • No selection

B3. Forestry

  • No selection

B4. Archaeological Features within 200m / or visible from the panel

  • No selection

B5. Location Notes

The panel has been removed from its original context and is now located in a shelter in private garden ground at Kirkdale House.

Previous Notes

NX55SW 20 515 533 (formerly 537 531) A cup-and-ring marked stone was ploughed up, on a piece of waste land on High Auchenlarie (NX 537 531) some years before 1864. It measures 3' x 3'4" and bears a cup-and 6 rings, 6 cups and 1, 2 or 3 rings, 6 cups and a groove. It is now in a shelter in the garden at Cardoness House (NX 566 535, along with NX55SW 18, 19 and 32). J Y Simpson 1868; RCAHMS 1914, visited 1912; R W B Morris and D C Bailey 1967 Located at NX 5646 5349. Original find spot not ascertained. Visited by OS (RD) 14 March 1972 This stone has been cemented into the floor of an open wooden shelter erected in the garden just behind Kirkdale House (NX 515 533). R W B Morris 1973.

Section C. PANEL

C1. Panel Type

In a structure Other context Located within a shelter in private garden ground at Kirkdale House

C2. Panel Dimensions, Slope & Orientation

Dimensions of panel (m to one decimal place)
Length (longer axis) 1 Width 0.9
Height (max) 0.1 Height (min)
Approximate slope of carved surface
degrees degrees
Orientation (Aspect e.g. NW)
Rock Surface Carved Surface Carved Surface

C3. Rock Surface

Surface Compactness Hard Grain Size Fine Visible Anomalies No selection Rock Type Greywacke

C4. Surface Features

  • No selection

C5. Panel Notes

This is a panel of a roughly rectangular shape with the carved surface measuring approximately 0.9 x 1 m across, and 0.1m at its heighest (please note, in these measurements the length indicates the longest axis across the panel face and the width the other axis across its face. The 'height' therefore is an indicator of the 'thickness' of the panel). The panel is profusely decorated. The largest motif is cup with six rings and a radial which is formed of two parallel grooves. Some of the rings are incomplete, apparently because of the loss of part of the panel surface through erosion, although an attempt appears to have been made to re-complete the motif on the fresh surface. The outside ring appears to describe only a partial circle, extending past the radial but then terminating beside a single cup mark. Close to this there is a further cupmark partially encircled by an arc. On one side the large motif, and close to the panel edge, there are two cups, each partially enclosed within a curved groove. One of these grooves is attached to two smaller cups. There whole set of marks is partially enclosed within a further curved groove which itself ends in a cupmark. Beside these motifs there is another, smaller cup-and-ring motif, also with a radial formed of two parallel grooves, which extend to join a large single curving groove. Beside this there is a cup with a partial ring which also extends to join the same longer groove. The groove continues to meet a longer, curving groove formed of rough peckmarking, and marking an elonged ellipse. At one end of the ellipse the curve joins a cupmark, and there are a further two cupmarks contined within it and one just outside it. The 'open' end of the elipse joins the outside circle of a further motif - this appears to be a cup with three rings, with the outside two rings containing a set of cupmarks aligned with the curve of the ring. This motif is truncated by loss of the rock surface and only a half-circle area remains with the central cupmark also halved. The outside ring is made up of fairly large peckmarks. On the other side of the large cup-and-six ring motif, there is a further cup with irregularly-shaped partial rings, and a radial formed of two parallel grooves. Beside this motif there are two single cup marks - one smaller and one larger - and on the other side of the cup-and-ring motif there is a undulating curve containing two areas of peck-marking. Just beside this there is a smaller undulating curve, close to the panel edge and beside the large cup-and-six ring motif. At one end of the panel, there is an area of rock where the surface has been eroded, but where decoration has been added thereafter. This comprises a large cup with a partial ring, and a radial formed of a single groove which then joins a cupmark before extending further as a single groove. There are four further grooves in this area, as well as two single cupmarks

C6. Probability

The probability that there is any rock art on the panel is Definite


No comments added


cupmark_1 cupmark_5
12 1
Cup and Rings
cup_and_ring_3 cup_and_ring_2 cup_and_ring_6
1 1 3
Partial Ring
partial_ring_arc_1 partial_ring_arc_2 partial_ring_arc_3
1 3 1
groove_1 groove_6 groove_4
2 7 1

Visible Tool Marks? Yes

Visible Peck Marks? Yes


D1. Access

  • Panel is on Private land.

D2. Awareness

  • Panel was known before the project.
  • This panel is known to others in the local community.
There are stories or folk traditions associated with this panel No

D3. Risk

  • Large areas of the rock are covered in lichen, moss or algae.
  • There is graffiti (paintings and/or carving) on or near the rock.
  • The rock is located on/nearby a path or place where people might walk.
Comments and other potential threats

The panel is within a covered area in teh garden of Kirkdale House